Conducts research and collects data on the global history of labour, workers, and labour relations

Germans expelled from the Netherlands, 1934

Willy BrandtIn February 1934, representatives of revolutionary-socialist youth organizations from all quarters of the world gathered in Laren, the Netherlands, to discuss the establishment of an International Youth Bureau. Dutch police raided their meeting on February 26 and arrested 18 foreigners. One of the detainees was Herbert Frahm, later to become Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany as Willy Brandt (1913-1992). Four German detainees were expelled and given to the German border police. Brandt/Frahm was spared this fate because he showed his Norwegian residence permit instead of his German passport. As a student in Oslo, Willy Brandt headed the Sozialistischer Jugend-Verband Deutschlands, the youth branch of the illegal Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands.

The Dutch Parliament held a debate on the deportations, and various celebrities supported a petition that branded deportations to Hitler Germany as criminal and endangering lives.
What actually happened to the four German comrades after their deportation? Franz Bobzien was imprisoned for four years, then transferred to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, and he died in 1941. Kurt Liebermann survived six years of detention. Hans Goldstein emigrated to Palestine, Heinz Hoose survived the war in Germany.

The collection consists of press clippings, copies of police reports, an undergraduate thesis on the subject, correspondence among researchers including Mr. Wortel, who donated the collection.
The collection is to be found in “Kleine Nederlandse Archieven en Collecties/Organisaties-onderwerpen,’’  120-121.

6 March 2012