During the more than four years of occupation of Belgium in the Second World War, there appeared hundreds of illegal publications in that country. Three of them were published by the 'Independent Patriotic Group "Vrank en Vrij"'. They are Het Vrije Woord, Vrank en Vrij and Das Freie Wort, a publication in German aimed especially at German soldiers. Behind this initiative father and son Henri and Ernest Mandel were hidden.
The following information is available on this site:
- Background information on "Vrank en Vrij" including literature and sources
- Digital versions of almost all clandestine issues of "Vrank en Vrij"
This contribution was made by Huub Sanders on the occasion of 3 May World Press Freedom Day. Read all contributions on World Press Freedom Day.