Conducts research and collects data on the global history of labour, workers, and labour relations

Who lost the Russian Revolution?

100th anniversary of the Russian revolution:
research, collections and events at IISH

The Russian revolution of 1917 and the ensuing Civil War (1918-22) are above all known as a struggle between the Whites and the Reds: between those loyal to the tsar and the Bolsheviks. The Reds won and the Whites lost. But in reality there were many more layers to the conflict, rather than just these two sides. There were more than just one winner and loser in the Russian revolution.

In February we present a web exhibition on one of the big losers in the revolution: the Socialist-Revolutionary Party (PSR).

The PSR waged a bloody and merciless terrorist campaign against representatives of the regime the tsarist regime but was also the biggest competitor to the Bolsheviks on the side of the Reds.

Both the Reds and the Whites consisted of different parties and groups, each with their own agenda. Apart from Reds and Whites there were ‘Greens’, peasant movements of mostly local or regional significance.

And there were nationalistic movements of the non-Russian ethnicities within the Empire. Ukrainians, Armenians, Georgians and the Baltic nations tried to seize the chance to secede and proclaim their own states. Some of these manifold parties and movements achieved their aims, others did not.

What can be found on this subject in the IISH collection?
Russia and Eastern Europe Collection Guide
archive of the PSR
Read more about Lydia Kotsjetkova: a PSR propagandist

More information?
The Russian Revolution at IISH

16 February 2017