Inequality has become a hot topic of debate recently, both on a global and on a national scale. The latest Special Issue of TSEG/ the Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History offers a much needed historical perspective to this debate. It explores how inequality in the Low Countries can be measured for different time periods. The articles by Ann Coenen, and by Bas van Bavel and Ewout Frankema focus on wealth inequality in the Netherlands in the postwar period, providing new estimates based on a variety of sources. Kristof Dombrecht and Wouter Ryckbosch discuss wealth inequality in Flanders during the sixteenth century, exploring factors that shape long-term inequality trends.