Anarchist ideas and publications circulated widely in Peru by the first decade of the 20th century. Manuel González Prada, an aristocrat and poet, and a handful of radical immigrant intellectuals based in Lima facilitated the dissemination of anarchist thought. Simultaneously, a nucleus of self-taught craftsmen inspired by the writings of Proudhon, Bakunin, Kropotkin and Malatesta, spearheaded a movement to organise workers based on anarcho-syndicalist doctrine. Anarcho-syndicalism would become the dominant radical ideology of Peru's fledgling labour movement. In March 1904, the first anarchist magazine appeared: Los Parias (The Pariahs).
Read more? Steven J. Hirsch, 'Peruvian Anarcho-Syndicalism: adapting transnational influences and forging counterhegemonic practices' in: Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World 1870-1940 (Leiden 2010)