Sudan underwent three coups after the Second World War. The military coup of June 30 1989, led by Umar al-Bashir, took an Islamic turn. The Communist Party of Sudan (Al-Hizb al-Shuyuci al-Sudani), which was founded in 1946, was banned together with the other political parties. The CPS lost its three seats in parliament. Immediately after the military takeover, the CPS issued this internal circular with guidelines for opposing the military dictatorship. The archive of the Communist Party of Sudan is at the IISH.