Sixteen-year old Surinam-born Otto Huiswoud jumped off a banana-boat docking in New York in 1910. He became a member of the Socialist Party of America and participated in the formation of the Communist Party in 1919. Huiswoud is regarded the first black member of the American communist movement. He was an official delegate to the 4th World Congress of the Comintern in Moscow from 5 November to 5 December 5, 1922, where he was elected head of the so called Negro Commission.
Back in the US, he was active in various anti-racist organizations. When the International Trade Union Committee of Negro Workers (ITUCNW) was established in Hamburg, Germany in 1930, Huiswoud was appointed editor of the ITUCNW's monthly publication, The Negro Worker. Huiswoud died in Amsterdam in 1961.
Read more in: Holger Weiss, Framing a Radical African Atlantic. African American Agency, West African Intellectuals and the Internaional Trade Union Committee of Negro Workers (Leiden 2014)