In South Korea, workers' strike is among the labour rights stipulated in and protected by the Constitution, which was enacted on 17 July 1948. Article 33 gives workers a constitutional right to independent association, collective bargaining and collective action. Until democratization in 1987, there was a wide gap between the statutes and the reality, as the state often obstructed or suppressed labour unions' legitimate strike action by police force and intelligence corps. Moreover, in 1972-73 the National Security Act banned strikes altogether and prolonged trhe dictatorship of president Park.
Read more? Byoung-Hoon Lee, 'Militant Unionism in Korea' in: Strikes around the World, 1968-2005 (Amsterdam 2007)